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Viktor Brack (November 9, 1904-June 2, 1948) was the organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Operation T4, where the Nazi state systematically murdered German disabled people. Following this, Brack was one of the men responsible for the gassing of Jews in the extermination camps, and he conferred with Odilo Globocnik about the practical implementation of the Final Solution. Brack was sentenced to death in 1947 and executed in 1948.
In 1929, Viktor Brack became a member of the NSDAP and the SS. In 1936, he supervised the operation of Office 2 (Amt 2) in the Chancellery of the Führer in Berlin. The office examined complaints received by the Führer from all parts of Germany. In November 1940, Brack was promoted to the grade of SS Oberführer (Senior Colonel).
During the Doctors' Trial Brack testified from the witness stand that after 1941, when the extermination of Jewish population by Nazis was at full capacity, Heinrich Himmler ordered him to contact physicians involved previously in the Euthanasia Program to find out a way of sterilizing young and strong Jews capable of labour for use in the German war effort. The idea was to develop a method by which the victim could be sterilized without being aware of the process.
In March of 1941, Brack fulfilled his assignment and prepared a report for Heinrich Himmler, in which he described the method of sterilizing patients using X-rays on a large scale and without the subject's knowledge of the fact until the effects made themselves felt.
On 23 June, 1942 Brack wrote the following letter to Himmler:
Following the letter, Himmler ordered the procedure to be tested on prisoners in Auschwitz. Since Brack was transferred to an SS division, his deputy Blankenburg would undertake the task and "immediately take the necessary measures and get in touch with the chiefs of the main offices of the concentration camps."
The Nuremberg Trial
From testimony given by a French physician of Jewish descent, who was a prisoner in Auschwitz from September 1943 to January 1945, it can be found that sterilization of Jewish inmates was carried out in Birkenau camp by SS doctors. About 100 male Poles who had been sterilized at Birkenau were attended to by the witness after the operation. According to the witness, members of the group were later castrated by camp physicians.
More evidence was presented, from which it is clear that sterilization using X-rays was conducted on other persecuted groups. They also were subjected to the excruciatingly painful procedure, and later castrated.
Also, during the Doctors' Trial at Nuremberg, Brack was implicated in the execution of the Euthanasia Program which later emerged as the famous "Action 14 f 13"; the extermination of those concentration camp inmates deemed unable to work.
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